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Treating boar sperm with cholesterol-loaded cyclodextrins or cyclodextrins prior to cryopreservation: effects on post-thaw in vitro sperm quality of sperm cryopreserved in different freezing extenders.

  • Autores: Eva Blanch Torres
  • Directores de la Tesis: Juan José Pascual Amorós (dir. tes.), Eva Mocé Cervera (dir. tes.)
  • Lectura: En la Universitat Politècnica de València ( España ) en 2015
  • Idioma: inglés
  • Materias:
  • Enlaces
    • Tesis en acceso abierto en: RiuNet
  • Resumen
    • Cryopreserved boar sperm is not used extensively for artificial insemination due to poor fertility rates of the sperm after freezing and thawing. The sperm membrane is damaged when cooled from body temperature to 5 ºC (cold shock), as well as during the freeze-thaw process. Increasing the cholesterol content of boar sperm membranes could increase their post-thaw survival, similarly to other species that are cold shock sensitive. Cholesterol can be easily added to sperm membranes using cholesterol-loaded cyclodextrins (CLC). Treating sperm from different species susceptible to cold-shock with CLC before cryopreservation improves sperm cryosurvival. Egg yolk and glycerol are common constituents of extenders used for boar sperm cryopreservation. However, conventional freezing extenders could not be the appropriate for CLC-treated sperm. The aim of this Thesis is to evaluate cryosurvival of CLC or cyclodextrin-treated boar sperm in three different conditions: using conventional freezing extenders, using extenders with alternative concentrations of glycerol and egg yolk and using amides as cryoprotectants. CLC or methyl- ß-cyclodextrin treatment (1 mg/ 120 x 106 sperm) prior to cryopreservation using a conventional freezer extenders provided either slight or no benefit, respectively, to post-thaw sperm plasma membrane integrity (+ 8%; P < 0.05) and motility (P > 0.05). In addition, sperm from both, good and poor freezers, responded similarly to CLC treatment (P > 0.05). Reduction in egg yolk concentration from 20 to 10% was detrimental for post-thaw sperm viability, even in semen treated with CLC (- 12% sperm viability; P < 0.05). On the other hand, it was observed that traditional concentration of glycerol (3%) was not the appropriate to freeze CLC-treated sperm (- 13% sperm viability compared to control; P < 0.05). Thus, CLC-treated sperm showed a higher tolerance (+ 13 % sperm viability; P < 0.05) to high glycerol concentrations (5%) than non-treated sperm. Regarding the efficacy of amides as cryoprotectants, three of the amides (lactamide, acetamide and formamide) produced deleterious effects in fresh boar sperm (P < 0.05). The other amides (methylformamide, dimethylacetamide and dimethylformamide) efficiently improved post-thaw sperm viability (+ 5-15 %; P < 0.05) but negatively affected the sperm motility (- 11-16% total motile sperm; P < 0.05) and the sperm fertilizing ability in vitro (dimethylformamide: - 64 % penetration rate; P < 0.05), irrespective of the sperm treatment. On the other hand, CLC-treated samples showed better in vitro fertilizing ability than control samples when glycerol was used as cryoprotectant (+ 2 penetrated spermatozoa/oocyte; P < 0.05). The results obtained in this Thesis suggest that conventional freezing protocols should be optimized for CLC-treated boar sperm in order to obtain the benefit of CLC treatment observed in other species sensitive to cold shock.

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