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L'expertise cognitive au jeu d'échecs: quoi de neuf depuis De Groot (1946)?

  • Autores: André Didierjean, Vincent Ferrari, Evelyne Marmèche
  • Localización: Année psychologique, ISSN 0003-5033, Vol. 104, Nº. 4, 2004, págs. 771-793
  • Idioma: francés
  • Texto completo no disponible (Saber más ...)
  • Resumen
    • More than thirty years ago, de Groot (1946, 1965) then Chase and Simon (1973) showed that contrary to commonly held views chess experts do not have superior memory capacities, nor superior calculation ability, compared to novices. In fact, the nature and organization of knowledge differentiate experts and novices. This paper provides a critical review of work conduced since these landmark studies on the « drosophilia of psychology », namely chess expertise. After a reminder of de Groot and Chase and Simon's research and Chase and Simon's theoretical model of expertise in terms of« chunks », we consider the limits of this model and recent empirical and theoretical developments. These developments emphasize the structure of knowledge representation in long term memory.

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