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Aprendizaje y desarrollo intelectual en la edad escolar

  • Autores: Lev S. Vygostki
  • Localización: Infancia y Aprendizaje: Journal for the Study of Education and Development, ISSN 0210-3702, ISSN-e 1578-4126, Nº 27-28, 1984 , págs. 105-116
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  • Resumen
    • español

      Desarrollo, aprendizaje, desarrollo efectivo, área de desarrollo potencial, Zona de Desarrollo Próximo (ZDP), implicaciones pedagógicas.

    • English

      Theories attempting to explain the relation between development and learning may be grouped into three blocks, each with different educational implication: 1) the developmental process is independent of what the child learns; 2) learning is responsible for development; 3) development is the product of the interaction of two fundamental processes, maturation and learning. In an attempt to better explain this relationship Vygotsky proposes the existence of two developmental levels: effective development (psychointellectual functions achieved through a specific process of development), and the area of potential development (what the child is able to do with some help, which is an indication of his/her dvelopmental dynamic). The developmental process thus follows the learning process which occurs in the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD).


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