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Resilience mechanisms for carrier-grade networks

  • Autores: Wilson Ramirez Almonte
  • Directores de la Tesis: Marcelo Yannuzzi Sánchez (dir. tes.), Xavier Masip Bruin (dir. tes.)
  • Lectura: En la Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC) ( España ) en 2014
  • Idioma: inglés
  • Materias:
  • Enlaces
    • Tesis en acceso abierto en: TDX
  • Resumen
    • In recent years, the advent of new Future Internet (FI) applications is creating ever-demanding requirements. These requirements are pushing network carriers for high transport capacity, energy efficiency, as well as high-availability services with low latency. A widespread practice to provide FI services is the adoption of a multi-layer network model consisting in the use of IP/MPLS and optical technologies such as Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM). Indeed, optical transport technologies are the foundation supporting the current telecommunication network backbones, because of the high transmission bandwidth achieved in fiber optical networks. Traditional optical networks consist of a fixed 50 GHz grid, resulting in a low Optical Spectrum (OS) utilization, specifically with transmission rates above 100 Gbps. Recently, optical networks have been undergoing significant changes with the purpose of providing a flexible grid that can fully exploit the potential of optical networks. This has led to a new network paradigm termed as Elastic Optical Network (EON). In recent years, the advent of new Future Internet (FI) applications is creating ever-demanding requirements. A widespread practice to provide FI services is the adoption of a multi-layer network model consisting in the use of IP/MPLS and optical technologies such as Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM). Traditional optical networks consist of a fixed 50 GHz grid, resulting in a low Optical Spectrum (OS) utilization. Recently, optical networks have been undergoing significant changes with the purpose of providing a flexible grid that can fully exploit the potential of optical networks. This has led to a new network paradigm termed as Elastic Optical Network (EON). Recently, a new protection scheme referred to as Network Coding Protection (NCP) has emerged as an innovative solution to proactively enable protection in an agile and efficient manner by means of throughput improvement techniques such as Network Coding. It is an intuitive reasoning that the throughput advantages of NCP might be magnified by means of the flexible-grid provided by EONs. The goal of this thesis is three-fold. The first, is to study the advantages of NCP schemes in planning scenarios. For this purpose, this thesis focuses on the performance of NCP assuming both a fixed as well as a flexible spectrum grid. However, conversely to planning scenarios, in dynamic scenarios the accuracy of Network State Information (NSI) is crucial since inaccurate NSI might substantially affect the performance of an NCP scheme. The second contribution of this thesis is to study the performance of protection schemes in dynamic scenarios considering inaccurate NSI. For this purpose, this thesis explores prediction techniques in order to mitigate the negative effects of inaccurate NSI. On the other hand, Internet users are continuously demanding new requirements that cannot be supported by the current host-oriented communication model.This communication model is not suitable for future Internet architectures such as the so-called Internet of Things (IoT). Fortunately, there is a new trend in network research referred to as ID/Locator Split Architectures (ILSAs) which is a non-disruptive technique to mitigate the issues related to host-oriented communications. Moreover, a new routing architecture referred to as Path Computation Element (PCE) has emerged with the aim of overcoming the well-known issues of the current routing schemes. Undoubtedly, routing and protection schemes need to be enhanced to fully exploit the advantages provided by new network architectures.In light of this, the third goal of this thesis introduces a novel PCE-like architecture termed as Context-Aware PCE. In a context-aware PCE scenario, the driver of a path computation is not a host/location, as in conventional PCE architectures, rather it is an interest for a service defined within a context.


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